But the secret is out. In addition to great flavor, there are several possible reasons for its growing popularity amongst foragers: Your email address will not be published. These juicy, sweet-tart berries would be wonderful to eat by the handful, were it not for the pit that’s just large enough to be annoying. In this way you can collect a large quantity within a very short time, but you will also have a lot of leaf and twig debris to pick out later. I’ve found a few trees and tasted the berries. Resist the urge to plant them!! ! Sometimes there are spines on autumn olive twigs. Autumn olive trees are draught and erosion-resistant and they thrive in many different types of environments. My assumption is that they store the seeds en masse in their middens for later consumption. Though the berries themselves are small (approximately the size of a red currant), the trees on which they grow are a giant problem. Raw or cooked berries are edible. Glad you enjoyed the post! is a major invasive species in North America. Occasionally an entire shrub will topple under the weight. So it’s okay to leave them out for chipmunks or dump them into your compost. Jam Recipes Real Food Recipes Fruit Recipes Autumn Olive Fruit Leather Recipe Olive Fruit Dehydrated Food Wild Edibles Kraut. Autumn Olive Fruit Leather. Elaeagnus umbellata usually grows as a shrub with a widely spreading crown. Could you please inform me of the price and availability of such seeds? Amazon has them but it says not available in my area. Samuel Thayer says that Autumn olives may be the most common edible wild fruit in the eastern United States. Some specimens seem to have many spines, some have a few, and perhaps some have none at all. More and more are harvesting these tasty fruits for both sweet and savory dishes. Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is a tasty edible wild fruit that ripens late in the fall. While searching where to buy 2.5 kg of its seeds I found your page. I feel envigorated by them and have no colds or flu through the winter. It has been grown as an ornamental shrub, for food and cover for livestock, and as a windbreak. I do enjoy the jam which I add cinnamon and an apple to add a little pectin. It’s a great one to eat, so it’s good to get the word out. Bake 12-15 minutes until thoroughly baked (test with a toothpick to ensure the centre is dry). Your posts are so informative, thank you! I’m a big fan of these very versatile berries. I am a fan of your philosophy, and I’ll be looking for these here in Idaho! Autumn olives are highly nutritious and are an excellent source of the antioxidant lycopene as well as vitamins A, C, and E. Their high lycopene content (like tomatoes) inspired quite a few. A single autumn olive shrub (also known as autumnberry), in a good year, can drip with up to 80 pounds of toothsome fruit, which warrants “superfood” status. A great way to control Autumn Olive is to plant Walnut trees among them. Like persimmons, the important thing to know about Autumn olives is that they are so incredibly astringent when unripe that they will make your mouth pucker! Pingback: Autumnberry ice cream pie with hazelnuts - One Acre Farm. I have other very invasive plants like privet and Callery Pears, Autumn Olive is the least aggressive of the 3, for now. But the secret is out. They are rich green above, with silvery undersides, and arranged alternately along brown twigs. They do get sweeter after a frost. Hi Kim, it depends. These berries are a God-sent! Pingback: Autumn Olive Fruit Leather - One Acre Farm, Are the leaves useful as a green or nitrogen in a compost pile. Google it and compare photos of leaves and berries of the two species. Autumn Olive aka Autumnberry ("Elaeagnus umbellata") is an invasive shrub that has edible berries. Cover with one inch of water. The bad thing about this plant is that it can be found almost anywhere within its current range….if you hate it as a noxious invasive plant. Because birds relish the berries, autumn olive was also recommended as a great shrub for attracting birds. Names of Autumn Olive in various languages of the world are also given. The 1-4 inch long elliptical to ovate or oblong leaves have smooth edges. 25 Best Edible Roots; 40 Best Nuts; 75 Best Browse for Wildlife; 75 Favorite Fruits; 75 Great Greens; 75 Favorite Wildlife Foods; 75 Favorite Seeds; Top 10 Mammal Admissions; Top 20 Songbird Admissions; Contact & Gratitudes I think it’s better to eat berries from plants that thrive without fertilizers and pesticides, especially when the process involves killing the seeds of an invasive plant, as is the case when one makes preserves, fruit leather, and syrup with autumn olive. I,ve been making jam with them for over 20 yrs.. spreads quickly because of its hardiness and dense concentration of seeds — a single shrub can yield around 200,000 seeds, potentially producing up to 80 pounds of fruit! List of various diseases cured by Autumn Olive. No, it does not necessarily choke out all native vegetation and keep new trees from growing. Autumn olives are abundant across much of the United States. There is yet another reason to see autumn olive’s vigor, catholic growth requirements, and tremendous productivity as beneficial. This is a common mistake, though both are edible. The USDA just recently began testing managed plantings of autumn olive shrubs, including both cultivated plants and wild types, with the expectation that the plants will be used for fruit harvesting. Another plant for me to be on the lookout for. Its is an incredibly invasive non-native scourge that reproduces even faster than kudzu. Hello! More and more are harvesting these tasty fruits for both sweet and savory dishes. Pingback: Autumn Olive: Is It A Preppers Friend, Frenemy Or A Plant To Kill On Sight? Your photos perfectly complement your text. Everyone’s different: When other people think they’re finally sweet enough, I think they taste a bit rotten. They seemed pretty good, but maybe they are better later? I like them tart, so I’m picking some this weekend. I have a shredder and a ton of these bushes. Pingback: Podcast 63 5 Rules for Foraging Wild Edibles + 25 Wild Edible Plants – Melissa K. Norris. https://www.ediblemanhattan.com/recipes/autumn-olives-all-around In the 1st paragraph describing the berries, it does say that they are speckled with tiny silvery dots. Thanks. Hi Amy, I don’t know why they wouldn’t be useful as a source of nitrogen in compost. Once all ingredients are blended fold in the autumn olive berries. | Tenth Acre Farm. It is impossible to over-harvest. The plant itself is a shrub growing to about seven to nine feet with two-inch pointed leaves that are a … And that method of invasive species control -cooking – is much more adaptive than, say, dousing the plant with herbicides. We are fighting them back constantly. If you want to buy autumn olive berry jam, google “autumn berry inspired”. Elaeagnus umbellata was introduced from Asia and deliberately planted on sandy slopes along roadsides and bridge abutments, where it does an excellent job controlling erosion. Good to find this post! In my recipe for autumnberry ice cream pie, I layer a nutty graham cracker crust with autumnberry sauce, covered with a liqueur spiked mascarpone ice cream. They had no idea they were edible. Barbara, where do you live? I agree with Josh. Its berries can weigh branches to the ground. – Beans, Bullets, Bandages & You, Autumn-olive Fruit – How to ID and Enjoy | Curious By Nature. They are taking over our whole 11 acres and the 80 behind us. I have watched it grow in patches of abandoned farmland for over 20 years now. The shrub is easy to find because it abounds where people abound. Susan, I would not worry about spreading the seeds left over from the cooking process. Autumn olive berries and leaves, with quarter for scale. I get pulp by separating seeds and little stems in my Norwalk Juicer that grinds all berries but leaves the dry parts behind in the chute, like a “cork”. The plants are nitrogen fixers, which means they can grow on incredibly poor soil. Sometimes the berries are borne in such abundance that branches sag under the weight. Eventually the Walnuts shade-out and kill the Olives with Juglan, a toxin from the Walnuts’ roots. | Tenth Acre Farm, Silvery Russian Autumn | Flowers, Plants n Blooms, Podcast 63 5 Rules for Foraging Wild Edibles + 25 Wild Edible Plants – Melissa K. Norris, Autumn Olive: Is It A Preppers Friend, Frenemy Or A Plant To Kill On Sight? That is an exaggeration that has been parroted on many websites. But its attractiveness to birds means that birds contribute to its spread, every time they deposit the seed in their droppings. My friends and I thank you! And, as stated above, it’s important to get it right if you want to eat the berries, because some species of honeysuckle bear poisonous berries. Autumn olive is a hardy edible berry bush with fertilization (nitrogen-fixing) capabilities, that can be an excellent addition to your property as part of permaculture or survival homesteading plans - depending on what part of the country you live in. Do yourself a favor and find someone who has them already. The good thing about this plant is that it can be found almost anywhere within its current range….if you’re after the delicious berries. I’ve found that the quickest way harvest these berries is to run the fingers of one hand along berry laden twigs, allowing the berries to fall into a basket I hold with the other hand. I was wondering, does anyone know if you can eat the flowers? We could harvest a TON from or property alone. What zone is it? Edible Parts. These unique perennial shrubs fix nitrogen into your soil, making them useful for orchard interplanting and permaculture design, and bear huge crops of tart, nutritious edible berries that make great juices, jams and jellies. Run them through a food mill (along with water) or mush the berries with potato masher and sieve them to remove skins and seeds. The choice is ours. They have a pleasant taste that is slightly astringent. Perhaps it is around your yard, too. Hang the resulting juice and pulp in a … I made varieties of flavored fruit lather, popsicles, experimented with salad dressings, froze pulp and sauces and canned sauces in jars. In addition to great flavor, there are several possible reasons for its growing popularity amongst foragers: That last point deserves emphasis. Though I don’t want to wait too long and find them all gone. The leaves, borne alternately on the stems, are generally oval, 1–3 inches long, wavy, and lack teeth. Physical Characteristics Elaeagnus umbellata is a deciduous Shrub growing to … You have done justice to a wonderfully tasty wild food! Apparently the “Autumn Berries” love it here; can we learn to love the gifts they freely offer? The species is indigenous to eastern Asia and ranges from the Himalayas eastwards to Japan.It is a hardy, aggressive invasive species able to readily colonize barren land, becoming a troublesome plant in the central and northeastern United States and Europe. It thrives in suburbia, including the edge of my property. I harvest in Western MA from very mature shrubs that grow around a man-made sand pit. I checked with a botanist and wild edibles expert, and was told that boiling definitely kills the seeds. Now, mixed forest (mostly native trees) dominates these areas, having shaded out the autumn olive. Boiling, mashing, and running the berries through a food mill removes the pits from the delicious pulp which can be used for sauces, jams, and fruit leather. Edible parts of Autumn Olive: Fruit - raw or cooked. One Acre Farm is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertizing program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. 2. The only part of Autumn Olive known to be edible is the berries that ripen and turn from tan to red in fall. So, is Elaeagnus umbellata a useful plant to be harvested, or a noxious weed to be poisoned? Pingback: Elaeagnus umbellata – Herbal Ramble, Pingback: Silvery Russian Autumn | Flowers, Plants n Blooms. It is an invasive shrub (native to Asia), and environmentally conscious people realize that using the berries for sauces, fruit leather, and jam requires boiling the berries, killing the seeds. However, I speculate that the seeds contain arsenic. Autumn olive is an aggressive invasive shrub that can be found throughout the eastern United States and Canada. We recently discovered our property is overrun with Autumn Olive. If you look closely you’ll note that the leaves and fruit are covered in tiny silver dots. I must have them by no later than December the 20th, please respond at your earliest convenience. But I read some where that they make the most delicious juice. Great article, I’ve got a lot of trees in my area, and am looking forward to harvest time. Invasive species can alter the chemistry of the soil and prevent native species from growing where they are needed. Flavors vary from bush to bush, and does not even depend on amunt of sun exposure, but perhaps soil just beneath the bushes, which are up to 15 feet high. This. Non native species do not provide native insects, birds, animals with the exact nutrition they require and that eventually adds to the deterioration of their health, individually and as a species. And I suppose that like most people you also consume berries from chemically maintained domesticated plants. Autumn berries, also known as the autumn olive, are the small red fruit of the autumn olive tree (Elaeagnus umbellata), which was imported from Asia to North America as an ornamental tree in the 1830s. If you're looking for something different, plant an autumn olive bush in your garden or orchard. Autumn olive is native to Asia and was brought to North America.